Mike Bayly

headshot1Natural Philosophy Building, Rm 101

ph: +613 8344 5055

email: mbayly@unimelb.edu.au

I studied botany at the University of Melbourne, including a PhD on the phylogeny and biogeography of the Australian plant genus Philotheca (Rutaceae).  From 1996-2005 I worked at the Museum of New Zealand, where I was part of a team revising the classification of Hebe (Veronica), New Zealand’s largest plant genus.

Hebe bookThat work, as well as producing many scientific papers, culminated in the publication of An illustrated guide to New Zealand hebes, a comprehensive monograph  of those plants.   In 2005 I moved back to The University of Melbourne,working initially as a Research Fellow on a project on eucalypt phylogeny. In 2010 I was appointed as a Lecturer in Plant Systematic and Evolutionary Biology.

My research has included species-level taxonomy, morphometrics, nomenclature, biogeography, phylogeography, and molecular phylogenetics.  I am broadly interested in understanding the diversity and history of the Australasian flora.  My work has focussed mostly on plants in the Rutaceae, Scrophulariaceae (in the broad sense) and Myrtaceae, but I am involved in projects on ferns, and a range of other plant groups. 

I was previously Editor-in-Chief of the journal Australian Systematic Botany, published by CSIRO Publishing and the Australian Academy of Science.

My Google scholar page is here.


BIOL10001 Biology of Australian Flora and Fauna

BOTA20002 Plant Biodiversity

BOTA20004/90005 Flora of Victoria

BOTA30002 Plant Evolution

Co-ordinator: Master of Science (Botany), and Botany programs in the Graduate Diploma of Science (Advanced) and BSc (honours).



Bayly, M.J., and Kellow, A.V. (2006).  An Illustrated Guide to New Zealand Hebes.  Te Papa Press, Wellington. 388pp.  details

Book chapters

Ladiges, P.Y, Bayly, M.J., Nelson, G. (2010) East-west continental vicariance in Eucalyptus subgenus Eucalyptus.  In DM Williams & S Knapp (eds): Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm, University of California Press. pp 267-302.   request pdf

Ladiges, P.Y., and Bayly, M.J (2009).  Evolving Life.  In: Ladiges P, Evans B, Saint R, Knox B (eds).  Biology an Australian Focus. McGraw-Hill Australia. pp 740-760.

Scientific papers

51. McLay, T.G.B., Bayly, M.J. (2016) A new family placement for Australian blue squill, Chamaescilla: Xanthorrhoeaceae (Hemerocallidoideae) not Asparagaceae.  Phytotaxa 275: 97–111.  available here

50. McLay, T.G.B., Bayly, M.J., Ladiges, P.Y. (2016)  Is south-western Western Australia a centre of origin for eastern Australian taxa or is the centre an artefact of a method of analysis? A comment on Hakea and its supposed divergence over the last 12 million years.  Australian Systematic Botany 29: 87–94. request pdf

49. Bayly, M.J., Holmes, G.D, Forster, P.I., Cantrill, D.J., Munzinger, J., Ladiges, P.Y. (2016) Phylogeny, classification and biogeography of Halfordia (Rutaceae) in Australia and New Caledonia.  Plant Systematics and Evolution 302: 1457–1470. see “view only” version

48. Bayly, M. J. (2016) Phylogenetic studies of eucalypts: fossils, morphology and genomes.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 128, 1224. download pdf

47. French, P.A., Brown, G.K., Bayly M.J. (2016) Incongruent patterns of nuclear and chloroplast variation in Correa (Rutaceae): introgression and biogeography in south-eastern Australia. Plant Systematics and Evolution 302, 447–468.

46. Bayly, M.J., Duretto, M.F., Holmes, G.D, Forster, P.I., Cantrill, D.J., Ladiges, P.Y. (2015) Transfer of the New Caledonian genus Boronella to Boronia (Rutaceae) based on analyses of cpDNA and nrDNA.  Australian Systematic Botany 28, 111–123. request pdf

45. Schuster, T.M., Reveal, J.L., Bayly, M.J., Kron, K.A. (2015) An updated molecular phylogeny of Polygonoideae (Polygonaceae): relationships of Oxygonum and Pteroxygonum and a new circumscription of Koenigia. Taxon 64, 1188–1208.

44. Ohlsen, D.J., Perrie, L.R., Shepherd, L.D., Brownsey, P.J., Bayly, M.J. (2015) Investigation of species boundaries and relationships in the Asplenium paleaceum complex (Aspleniaceae) using AFLP fingerprinting and chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequences. Australian Systematic Botany 27, 378–394. request pdf

43. Ohlsen, D.J., Perrie, L.R., Shepherd, L.D., Brownsey, P.J., Bayly, M.J. (2015) Phylogeny of the fern family Aspleniaceae in Australasia and the south-west Pacific.  Australian Systematic Botany 27, 355–371.  download pdf.

42. Ohlsen, D.J., Perrie, L.R., Shepherd, L.D., Bayly, M.J. (2015)  Taxonomic status and distribution of the critically endangered Christmas Island Spleenwort (Asplenium listeri; Aspleniaceae): it is not as rare as we thought.  Australian Systematic Botany 27, 372–377. request pdf

41. Pollock, L.J., Bayly, M.J., Vesk, P.A. (2015) The roles of ecological and evolutionary processes in plant community assembly: the environment, hybridization and introgression influence co-occurrence of Eucalyptus.  The American Naturalist 185, 784–796. download pdf

40. Barrett, R.A., Bayly, M.J., Duretto, M.F., Forster, P.I., Ladiges, P.Y., Cantrill, D.J. (2015) A chloroplast phylogeny of Zieria (Rutaceae) in Australia and New Caledonia shows widespread incongruence with species-level taxonomy.  Australian Systematic Botany 27, 427–449. request pdf

39. Meagher, D.A., Bayly, M.J. (2014) Morphological and molecular data support reinstatement of Spiridens muelleri Hampe (Bryophyta: Hypnodendraceae), a Lord Howe Island endemic.  Australian Systematic Botany 27, 95–103.  request pdf

38. Holmes, G.D., Downing, T.L., James, E.A., Blacket, M.J., Hoffman, A.A., Bayly, M.J. (2014).  Phylogeny of the holly grevilleas (Proteaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal and chloroplast DNA.  Australian Systematic Botany 27, 56–77. request pdf

37. Nevill, P.G., Despres, T., Bayly, M.J., Bossinger, G., Ades, P.K. (2014).  Shared phylogeographic patterns and widespread chloroplast haplotype sharing in Eucalyptus species with different ecological tolerances. Tree Genetics and Genomes 10, 1079–1092.

36. Perrie, L.R., Wilson, R.K., Shepherd, L.D., Ohlsen, D.J., Batty, E.L., Brownsey, P.J., Bayly, M.J. (2014).  Molecular phylogenetics and generic taxonomy of Blechnaceae ferns.  Taxon 63, 745–758.

35. Perrie L.R.,Shepherd, L.D., de Lange, P.J., Batty, E.L., Ohlsen, D.J., Bayly, M.J., Brownsey, P.J. (2013).  Hymenophyllum pluviatile, a new and uncommon fern from New Zealand.  New Zealand Journal of Botany 51, 308–320. request pdf    

34. Bayly, M.J., Holmes, G.D., Forster, P.I., Cantrill, D.J., Ladiges, P.Y. (2013).  Major Clades of Australasian Rutoideae (Rutaceae) based on rbcL and atpB sequences. PLoS ONE 8(8), e72493. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072493. available here.

33. Bayly, M.J., Rigault, P., Spokevicius, A., Ladiges, P.Y., Ades, P.K., Anderson, C., Bossinger, G., Merchant, A., Udovicic, F., Woodrow, I., Tibbits, J. (2013).  Chloroplast genome analysis of Australian eucalypts – Eucalyptus, Corymbia, Angophora, Allosyncarpia and Stockwellia (Myrtaceae).  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69, 704–716.

32. Burke, J.M., Ladiges, P.Y., Batty, E.L., Adams, P.B. & Bayly, M.J. (2013).  Divergent lineages in two species of Dendrobium orchids (D. speciosum and D. tetragonum) correspond to major geographic breaks in eastern Australia.  Journal of Biogeography 40, 2071–2081.

31. Pollock L.J., Bayly M.J., Nevill P.G., Vesk P.A. (2013). Chloroplast DNA diversity associated with protected slopes and valleys for hybridizing Eucalyptus species on isolated ranges in south-eastern Australia. Journal of Biogeography 40, 155-167.

30. Ladiges, P.Y., Bayly, M.J., and Nelson, G. (2012) Searching for ancestral areas and artifactual centres of origin in biogeography: with comment on east-west patterns across southern Australia.  Systematic Biology 61,  703-708. request pdf

29. Sauquet, H., Ho, S.Y.W., Gandolfo, M.A., Jordan, G.J., Wilf, P., Cantrill D.J., Bayly, M.J., Bromham, L., Brown, G.K., Carpenter, R.J., Lee, D.M., Murphy, D.J., Sniderman J.M.K., Udovicic F. (2012). Testing the impact of calibration on molecular divergence times using a fossil-rich group: the case of Nothofagus (Fagales). Systematic Biology 61, 289-313.

28. Ladiges, P.Y., Parra-O., C., Gibbs, A., Udovicic, F., Nelson, G. and Bayly, M.J. (2011). Historical biogeographic patterns in continental Australia: congruence among areas of endemism of two major clades of eucalypts. Cladistics 27, 29-41.

27. Perrie L.R., Ohlsen, D., Shepherd, L., Brownsey, P.J., Bayly, M.J. (2010). Tasmanian and Victorian populations of the fern Asplenium hookerianum result from independent dispersals from New Zealand. Australian Systematic Botany 23, 387-392.  request pdf

26. Parra-O., C., Bayly, M.J., Drinnan, A., Udovicic, F. and Ladiges, P.Y. (2009) Phylogeny, major clades and infrageneric classification of Corymbia (Myrtaceae), based on nuclear ribosomal DNA and morphology.  Australian Systematic Botany 22, 384–399.  request pdf

25.  Bayly, M.J., Udovicic, F., Gibbs, A.K. Parra-O., C, Ladiges, P.Y. (2008). Ribosomal DNA pseudogenes are widespread in the eucalypt group (Myrtaceae): implications for phylogenetic analysis.  Cladistics 24, 131–146. 

24.  Meudt, H.M. and Bayly, M.J. (2008). Phylogeographic patterns in the Australasian genus Chionohebe (Veronica s.l., Plantaginaceae) based on AFLP and chloroplast DNA sequences.  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47, 319–338.

23.  Burke, J.M., Bayly, M.J., Adams, P., Ladiges, P.Y. (2008).  Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Dendrobium (Orchidaceae), with emphasis on the Australian section Dendrocoryne, and implications for generic classification.  Australian Systematic Botany 21, 1–14.  request pdf

22.  Bayly, M.J. and Ladiges, P.Y. (2007).  Divergent paralogues of ribosomal DNA in eucalypts (Myrtaceae).  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44, 346–356.

21.  Mitchell, Kellow, Bayly, Markham, Brownsey, Garnock-Jones (2007).  Composition and distribution of leaf flavonoids in Hebe and Leonohebe (Plantaginaceae) in New Zealand — 2. “Apertae”, “Occlusae”, and “Grandiflorae”.  New Zealand Journal of Botany 45, 329–392

20.  Perrie, L.R., Bayly, M.J., Lehenbach, C.A., and Brownsey, P.J. (2007).  Molecular phylogenetics and molecular dating of the New Zealand Gleicheniaceae.  Brittonia 59, 129–141.  request pdf

19. Parra-O, C., Bayly, M., Udovicic, F, and Ladiges, P. (2006). ETS sequences support the monophyly of the eucalypt genus Corymbia (Myrtaceae).  Taxon 55, 653–663

18. Kellow, A.V., Bayly, M.J., Mitchell, K.A., and Markham, K.R. (2005).  Geographic variation in the H. albicans complex (Plantaginaceae) — morphology and flavonoid chemistry.  New Zealand Journal of Botany 43, 141–161.

17.  Markham, K.R., Mitchell, K.A., Bayly, M.J., Kellow, A.V., Brownsey, P.J., and Garnock-Jones, P.J. (2005).  Composition and distribution of leaf flavonoids in Hebe and Leonohebe (Plantaginaceae) in New Zealand — 1.  “Buxifoliatae”, “Flagriformes” and Leonohebe.  New Zealand Journal of Botany 43, 165–203. 

16.  Bayly, M.J., and Kellow, A.V. (2004a).  Lectotypification of names of New Zealand members of Veronica and Hebe (Plantaginaceae).  Tuhinga, Records of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa 15, 43–52.   available here

15.  Bayly, M.J., and Kellow, A.V. (2004b).  Proposal to reject the name Veronica decussata Moench (Plantaginaceae).  Taxon 53, 571–572.

14.  Bayly, M.J., Kellow, A.V., Ansell, R., Mitchell, K, and Markham, K.R. (2004).  Geographic variation in Hebe macrantha (Plantaginaceae): morphology and flavonoid chemistry.  Tuhinga, Records of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa 15, 27–41.   available here

13.  Bayly, M.J., Kellow, A.V., de Lange, P.J., Mitchell, K, Markham, K.R., Garnock-Jones, P.J., and Brownsey, P.J. (2003): Geographic variation in morphology and flavonoid chemistry in Hebe pubescens and H. bollonsii (Scrophulariaceae), including a new infraspecific classification for H. pubescens.  New Zealand Journal of Botany 41, 23–53.

12.  Kellow, A.V., Bayly, M.J., Mitchell, K.A., Markham, K.R, Garnock-Jones, P.J. (2003).  Variation in morphology and flavonoid chemistry in Hebe pimeleoides (Scrophulariaceae), including a revised subspecific classification.  New Zealand Journal of Botany 41, 233–253.

11.  Kellow, A.V., Bayly, M.J., Mitchell, K.A., Markham, K.R, Brownsey, P.J. (2003).  A taxonomic revision of Hebe informal group “Connatae” (Plantaginaceae), based on morphology and flavonoid chemistry.  New Zealand Journal of Botany 41, 613-635.

10.  Bayly, M.J., Kellow, A.V., Mitchell, K., Markham, K.R., de Lange, P.J., Harper, G.E., Garnock-Jones, P.J., and Brownsey, P.J. (2002).  Descriptions and flavonoid chemistry of new taxa in Hebe sect. Subdistichae (Scrophulariaceae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 40, 571–602.

9.  Wagstaff, S.J., Bayly, M.J., Garnock-Jones, P.J., and Albach, D.C. (2002).  Classification, origin and diversification of the New Zealand hebes (Scrophulariaceae).  Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 89, 38–63.

8.  Bayly, M.J., Garnock-Jones, P.J., Mitchell, K.A., Markham, K.R., and Brownsey, P.J. (2001).  Description of Hebe calcicola (Scrophulariaceae), a new species from north-west Nelson, New Zealand, including details of flavonoid chemistry.  New Zealand Journal of Botany 39, 55–67. Download low resolution pdf.

7.  Mitchell, K.A., Markham, K.R., and Bayly, M.J. (2001).  Flavonoid characters contributing to the taxonomic revision of the Hebe parviflora complex.  Phytochemistry 56, 453–461.

6.  Bayly, M.J., Garnock-Jones, P.J., Mitchell, K.A., Markham, K. R., and Brownsey, P.J. (2000).  A taxonomic revision of the Hebe parviflora complex (Scrophulariaceae), based on morphology and flavonoid chemistry.  New Zealand Journal of Botany 38, 165–190. Download low resolution pdf.

5.  Garnock-Jones, P.J., Bayly, M.J., Lee, W.G, and Rance, B.D. (2000).  Hebe arganthera (Scrophulariaceae), a new species from calcareous outcrops in Fiordland, New Zealand.  New Zealand Journal of Botany 38, 379–388.

4. Mitchell, K.A., Markham, K.R., and Bayly M.J. (1999).  6-Hydroxyluteolin-7-O–D-[2-O–D-xylosylxyloside]: a novel flavone xyloxyloside from Hebe stenophylla.  Phytochemistry 52, 1165–1167

3.  Bayly, M.J. (1998).  Notes on the Eriostemon myoporoides (Rutaceae) species complex, including new names and a new generic placement in Philotheca.  Muelleria 11, 113–126.  request reprint

2.  Bayly, M.J., Brophy, J., Forster, P.I., Goldsack, R.J., and Wilson, P.G. (1998).  Reinstatement of Eriostemon banksii (Rutaceae) with a report on the composition of leaf essential oils in E. banksii and E. australasius s. str.  Australian Systematic Botany 11, 13–22.  request reprint

1.  Bayly, M.J. (1994).  Variation within Eriostemon angustifolius and the recognition of a new species, E. sporadicus.  Australian Systematic Botany 7, 175–180.  request reprint

Flora treatment

Bayly, M.J.  (1999).  Eriostemon.  In, N. G. Walsh and T. J. Entwisle (eds), Flora of Victoria 4, 178-183.  Inkata Press, Melbourne.

General articles/reports

Bayly, M.J. (2010).  Plant DNA “barcoding”. [“hot topics” article for school teachers]. available here

Kellow, A.V., Bayly, M.J., and Ladiges, P.Y. (2007).  Report on the Grimwade Plant Collection of Percival St John and Botanical Exploration of Mt Buffalo National Park (Victoria, Australia).  School of Botany, The University of Melbourne. available here

Bayly, M.J. (1999).  Eriostemon?  Name change in Rutaceae.  Australian Plants 20, 104-105. online version here.